February 04, 2019 3 min read

Dark spots on the skin are often referred to as age spots, liver spots, or hyperpigmentation can occur on the skin at any age but tends to happen in your 40s for 50s. Most often, these spots are harmless, being caused by exposure to the sun's UV rays. In other cases, the dark spots are associated with conditions of the skin or they can appear after starting a new medication as a side effect. Rest assured, most dark spots are benign, but it's always a good idea to keep a watch on any dark spots for growth, swelling, and pain, and to be aware of any new spots. So, what are the most common causes of dark spots on the face?

Birthmarks

When a baby is born, some skin discolorations are referred to as birthmarks. These abnormalities come in various types including vascular birthmarks that appear red. More significant cases are referred to as port wine stains. Other birthmarks range in color from a light tan to a dark brown and appear in many shapes. Some birthmarks, although no one understands why, run in families lending to the idea that dark spots on the face are genetic.

Aging

No one wants to know their age is the cause of dark patches on the skin. However, there's no way to get around the fact that as the skin ages, darkened areas appear so they're often referred to as age spots. In addition to specific spots that range from light to dark brown, the skin may change the texture, and you could notice blemishes, and wrinkles in the same area. A true age spot looks like a freckle with curved edges. Treating age spots at home involves finding an effective Dark Spot Corrector.

The Environment

Environmental factors can cause black spots on the face. Most often, the factors include dry climate, air pollution, wind and dirt, chemicals, and UV radiation. Each of these reduces the natural collagen and elastin which leaves the skin appearing rough and dry along with the color changes.

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a long word that refers to dark patches on the skin. You most often see hyperpigmentation on dark skin because more significant amounts of melanin are already present.

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea versicolor is the first medical condition on the list. The dark patches are caused by a fungal infection that's often misdiagnosed as a rash. Skin pigmentation changes and can manifest as either dark or light colored areas. The infection typically stays within the shoulder and back region. To treat the fungal infection, you'll need to seek medical attention.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a condition some men and women are born with. Over time, the pigment found in patches of skin thins. The thinning causes of total loss of color. Typically, you'll notice a clear line between the affected skin and the skin holding normal pigmentation. Along with skin whitening, hairs on the surface also lose pigmentation and appear white.

Numerous factors cause dark spots on the skin. Most are referred to as sunspots on the face or aging spots on the skin and even liver spots in the aging the population. What's most important is to maintain skin health with regular, non-irritating skin care and sunscreen. If you happen to notice any dark-colored patches or moles change or if they appear in new areas, your best choice is to see your physician or make an appointment with the dermatologist in your area to ascertain whether there's cause for treatment.

 

You may also be interested in:

Skincare Routine: How to Remove Dead Skin Cells

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